The internet at times can seem like an other worldly invention. It is associated with so many acronyms that most people just bypass getting to know how the internet functions and instead focus on its utility. syntaxNinjas have decided to right this wrong by providing ten important internet acronyms everyone who uses the internet should know.
FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol, it is the networking protocol used to transfer files or other website components from a client (your desktop or local hard drive) to the web servers on the internet.
SSL stands for Secure Sockets Layer and it is used for establishing an encrypted channel between a web server and your browser. The encrypted channel ensures that all data passed between the web server and a browser remain private and encrypted. SSL’s are mostly employed in e-commerce applications and in communications between your browser and a server that contain sensitive data.
An Internet service provider (ISP) is an organization or company that provides services for accessing and using the Internet. Internet service providers may be organized in various forms, such as commercial, community-owned, non-profit, or privately owned. Some internet service providers in the United States include: At&t, Time Warner Cable and Verizon.
Http stands for Hypertext transfer protocol and it is the protocol to exchange or transfer hypertext. HTTP is basically the foundation for data communication on the world wide web.
HTTPS, i.e: the secure version of Http is a protocol for secure communications over a computer network. Https is widely used over the Internet. The main motivation for HTTPS is authentication of the visited website and protection of the privacy and integrity of exchanged data. Google and other search engines in an effort to create a more secure web want to start giving https enabled websites preferential rankings in their search engines.
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is the main international organization that sets standards for the World Wide Web. It was founded and is currently led by Tim Berners-Lee (the man accreditied with inventing the internet). The W3C as an organization engages in education and outreach, develops software and serves as an open forum for discussion about the Web. Stop by their website to find out more about this organization
DNS, which stands for the “Domain Name System” is a hierarchical and decentralized naming system for computers, services, or any resource connected to the Internet or a private network. DNS, controls your domain name’s website and email settings. When visitors go to your domain name, its DNS settings control which company’s server it reaches out to.
LAN, which stands for a local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, a university campus or an office building. Ethernet and Wi-Fi are the two most common transmission technologies in use for local area networks. Whenever you go to a coffee shop and try to join their wifi you are simply trying to join their local area network or LAN.
URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator (URL), and is commonly referred to as a web address. It is a reference to a web resource that specifies the location of said resource on a computer network.
VOIP stands for Voice Over Internet Protocol (Voice over IP, VoIP and IP telephony) and it is a methodology and group of technologies for the delivery of voice communications and multimedia sessions over the Internet. An example of a VOIP service would be Microsoft’s skype or Google voice.
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